Document Detail


Bioaccumulation of PCBs in the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus: seawater and food exposures to a 14C-radiolabelled congener (PCB#153).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15701388     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Adult Paracentrotus lividus were exposed to a 14C-labelled PCB congener (PCB#153) using two different exposure modes: (1) the surrounding sea water and (2) the food (viz. the phanerogam Posidonia oceanica and the brown alga Taonia atomaria). Uptake kinetics from water and loss kinetics after single feeding were followed in four body compartments of the sea urchins (body wall, spines, gut and gonads). Results indicate that PCB bioaccumulation in P. lividus varies from one body compartment to another, with the exposure mode and the nature of the food. The echinoids accumulate PCB#153 more efficiently when exposed via water than via the food (the transfer efficiency is higher by one order of magnitude). Target body compartments of PCB#153 were found to be body wall and spines when individuals were exposed via water, and gut when they were exposed via food. It is concluded that P. lividus is an efficient bioaccumulator of PCB and that it could be considered as an interesting indicator for monitoring PCB contamination in the marine environment.
Authors:
B Danis; O Cotret; J L Teyssié; P Bustamante; S W Fowler; M Warnau
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)     Volume:  135     ISSN:  0269-7491     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Pollut.     Publication Date:  2005 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-02-09     Completed Date:  2005-04-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804476     Medline TA:  Environ Pollut     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  11-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratoire de Biologie Marine, CP 160/15, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 50, Av. F.D. Roosevelt, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium. bdanis@ulb.ac.be
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed
Animals
Body Burden
Carbon Radioisotopes / pharmacokinetics
Polychlorinated Biphenyls / pharmacology*,  toxicity
Sea Urchins / chemistry,  metabolism*
Seawater
Toxicity Tests
Water Pollutants, Chemical / pharmacokinetics*,  toxicity
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Carbon Radioisotopes; 0/Polychlorinated Biphenyls; 0/Water Pollutants, Chemical

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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