Document Detail

Binding of Fusarium mycotoxins by fermentative bacteria in vitro.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16968296     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIMS: Fusarium toxins can occur in conserved forages impairing farm animal performances and health. On-farm biological decontamination methods could be an alternative to traditional physico-chemical methods. In this work, the ability to remove Fusarium toxins by fermentative bacteria was evaluated in vitro. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-nine strains of lactic (LAB) and propionic acid bacteria (PAB) were tested for their ability to remove deoxynivalenol (DON) and fumonisins B1 and B2 (FB1, FB2) from an acid, pH 4, medium. Mycotoxin removal was widespread for LAB, but differences among strains were large. Removal was up to 55% for DON, 82% for FB1 and 100% for FB2. Selected strains were also capable of removing up to 88% zearalenone. The PAB strains were less efficient than the LAB. Binding, not biodegradation appeared to be the mode of action, as no toxin derivatives were observed and removal was not impaired in nonviable bacteria. Binding was not affected by pH, except for fumonisins that decreased to nearly 0% at neutral pH. CONCLUSIONS: Selected fermentative bacteria are able to bind main Fusarium mycotoxins. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The binding ability of selected strains could be used to decrease the bioavailability of toxins in contaminated silages.
V Niderkorn; H Boudra; D P Morgavi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied microbiology     Volume:  101     ISSN:  1364-5072     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2006 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-09-13     Completed Date:  2007-05-21     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9706280     Medline TA:  J Appl Microbiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  849-56     Citation Subset:  IM    
French Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), Clermont-Fd-Theix Research Centre, Herbivore Research Unit, Saint Genès-Champanelle, France.
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MeSH Terms
Culture Media
Disinfection / methods*
Food Contamination*
Food Microbiology
Fusarium / metabolism*
Hot Temperature
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Lactobacillus / metabolism*
Mycotoxins / analysis,  metabolism*
Zea mays / microbiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Culture Media; 0/Mycotoxins

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