Document Detail


Bile leakage after hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery: A definition and grading of severity by the International Study Group of Liver Surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21316725     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Despite the potentially severe impact of bile leakage on patients' perioperative and long-term outcome, a commonly used definition of this complication after hepatobiliary and pancreatic operations has not yet been established. The aim of the present article is to propose a uniform definition and severity grading of bile leakage after hepatobiliary and pancreatic operative therapy. METHODS: An international study group of hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgeons was convened. A consensus definition of bile leakage after hepatobiliary and pancreatic operative therapy was developed based on the postoperative course of bilirubin concentrations in patients' serum and drain fluid. RESULTS: After evaluation of the postoperative course of bilirubin levels in the drain fluid of patients who underwent hepatobiliary and pancreatic operations, bile leakage was defined as bilirubin concentration in the drain fluid at least 3 times the serum bilirubin concentration on or after postoperative day 3 or as the need for radiologic or operative intervention resulting from biliary collections or bile peritonitis. Using this criterion severity of bile leakage was classified according to its impact on patients' clinical management. Grade A bile leakage causes no change in patients' clinical management. A Grade B bile leakage requires active therapeutic intervention but is manageable without relaparotomy, whereas in Grade C, bile leakage relaparotomy is required. CONCLUSION: We propose a simple definition and severity grading of bile leakage after hepatobiliary and pancreatic operative therapy. The application of the present proposal will enable a standardized comparison of the results of different clinical trials and may facilitate an objective evaluation of diagnostic and therapeutic modalities in the field of hepatobiliary and pancreatic operative therapy.
Authors:
Moritz Koch; O James Garden; Robert Padbury; Nuh N Rahbari; Rene Adam; Lorenzo Capussotti; Sheung Tat Fan; Yukihiro Yokoyama; Michael Crawford; Masatoshi Makuuchi; Christopher Christophi; Simon Banting; Mark Brooke-Smith; Val Usatoff; Masato Nagino; Guy Maddern; Thomas J Hugh; Jean-Nicolas Vauthey; Paul Greig; Myrddin Rees; Yuji Nimura; Joan Figueras; Ronald P Dematteo; Markus W Büchler; Jürgen Weitz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-7361     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417347     Medline TA:  Surgery     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.
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