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Bile acid-CoA ligase deficiency-a new inborn error of bile acid metabolism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22089923     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Born at 27 weeks gestation, a child of consanguineous parents of Pakistani origin required prolonged parenteral nutrition. She developed jaundice, with extensive fibrosis and architectural distortion at liver biopsy; jaundice resolved with supportive care. Serum γ-glutamyl transpeptidase values were within normal ranges. The bile acids in her plasma and urine were >85% unconjugated (non-amidated). Two genes encoding bile-acid amidation enzymes were sequenced. No mutations were found in BAAT, encoding bile acid-CoA : aminoacid N-acyl transferase. The patient was homozygous for the missense mutation c.1012C > T in SLC27A5, predicted to alter a highly conserved amino-acid residue (p.H338Y) in bile acid-CoA ligase (BACL). She also was homozygous for the missense mutation c.1772A > G in ABCB11, predicted to alter a highly conserved amino-acid residue (p.N591S) in bile salt export pump (BSEP). BACL is essential for reconjugation of bile acids deconjugated by gut bacteria, and BSEP is essential for hepatocyte-canaliculus export of conjugated bile acids. A female sibling born at term had the same bile-acid phenotype and SLC27A5 genotype, without clinical liver disease. She was heterozygous for the c.1772A > G ABCB11 mutation. This is the first report of a mutation in SLC27A5. The amidation defect may have contributed to cholestatic liver disease in the setting of prematurity, parenteral nutrition, and homozygosity for an ABCB11 mutation.
Authors:
Catherine P K Chong; Philippa B Mills; Patricia McClean; Paul Gissen; Christopher Bruce; Jens Stahlschmidt; A S Knisely; Peter T Clayton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of inherited metabolic disease     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-2665     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7910918     Medline TA:  J Inherit Metab Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Clinical & Molecular Genetics Unit, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, WC1N 1EH, UK.
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