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Bilateral spinal neurofibromas in patients with neurofibromatosis 1.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21999966     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) is a neurocutaneous syndrome that can be inherited as autosomal dominant or may appear due to a de novo mutation. We present 8 patients (5 M and 3 F) with sporadic or non-familial spinal neurofibromatosis 1 (non-FSNF1) associated with bilateral spinal neurofibromas involving all of the paraspinal nerves. To our knowledge, this is the first series of such association described in the literature. Their ages ranged from 6months to 20years (average 9.8years) at the time of radiological diagnosis. This presentation appears to be earlier than in familial spinal neurofibromas in NF1 (FSNF1). Predisposition to malignancy probably is greater in the non-FSNF1 type. MRI studies were performed routinely in all patients with NF1 and these were complemented with MRI enhanced with gadolinium and repeated at different ages in cases with paraspinal tumors. Coronal views provided the best evidence for the presence of neurofibromas in every spinal nerve. The size of the tumors and the clinical complications increased with advancing age in most patients. Giant plexiform tumors were often seen in the cervico-thoracic region. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) were found in one patient with a sciatic tumor and another patient died suddenly at home without necropsy or pathological study. Voluminous paraspinal neurofibromas can be at risk for malignancy. More frequent neuroimaging studies may be necessary for an earlier detection. Early surgical treatment to anticipate the occurrence of MPNST during surveillance could be an option. Bilateral spinal neurofibromas are found in both patients who inherited the NF1 and in those due to de novo mutations.
Authors:
Ignacio Pascual-Castroviejo; Samuel-Ignacio Pascual-Pascual; Juan Viaño; Ramón Velazquez-Fragua; Juan-Carlos López-Gutierrez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain & development     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7131     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7909235     Medline TA:  Brain Dev     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Affiliation:
Departament of Pediatric Neurology, University Hospital La Paz, Madrid, Spain.
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