Document Detail

Bilateral internal mammary artery for multi-territory myocardial revascularization: long-term follow-up of pedicled versus skeletonized conduits†
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24970572     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate 17-year actual clinical outcomes of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) using skeletonized versus pedicled bilateral internal mammary arteries (BIMAs).
METHODS: From September 1991 to June 1996, 548 consecutive patients underwent CABG for multivessel disease using BIMA. After propensity matching, 350 patients were enrolled: 175 patients with skeletonized BIMA (Group S) and 175 with pedicled BIMA (Group P). The two groups were adequately comparable. Composite end-point: deaths, new revascularization and new myocardial infarctions were defined as 'events'.
RESULTS: Group S provided a higher rate of total arterial myocardial revascularization (94.3 vs 82.9%, P 0.001) with a higher average number of arterial anastomoses (3.1 ± 0.8 vs 2.7 ± 0.8, P < 0.001) and BIMA anastomoses (2.5 ± 0.3 vs 2.1 ± 0.3, P < 0.001). In Group S, the incidence of sequential grafts was higher (37.7 vs 17.7%, P < 0.001). The rate of sternal wound healing problems was lower (1.7 vs 7.4%, P = 0.010). Thirty-day mortality and morbidity were similar. The median survival time of survivors was 17.8 years (min-max = 17.0-21.5); 17.3 (17.0-18.0) in Group S vs 19.1 (18.1-21.5) in Group P, P < 0.001. Seventeen-year actual outcomes were better in Group S: deaths (8.7 vs 27.9%, P < 0.001), cardiac deaths (4.7 vs 13.4%, P = 0.005), cardiac events (10.5 vs 22.1%, P = 0.003), new revascularization (2.9 vs 8.7%, P = 0.021) and events (15.1 vs 36.1%, P < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Skeletonization of BIMA allows one to achieve a higher rate of arterial grafting and better outcome if compared with pedicled BIMA.
Michele Di Mauro; Angela L Iacò; Angelo Acitelli; Gabriele D'Ambrosio; Laura Filipponi; Elisa Salustri; Chiara De Luca; Silvio Romano; Maria Penco; Antonio M Calafiore
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-6-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-734X     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804069     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.
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