Document Detail

Bilateral epididymal sperm granulomas following urethrostomy in a german shepherd dog.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21736634     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Bilateral enlargement of both epididymes was observed in a 6-year-old German shepherd dog following a pre-scrotal urethrostomy. Testicular parenchyma showed regular structure, and the spermatogenesis and the steroidogenic functions were not modified. However, macroscopic examination of the tail and the body of both epididymes exhibited multiple white and well-delimited foci. Histopathological study of the epididymes confirmed the development of granulomas associated with extravasated spermatozoa. Urethrostomy caused a severe stenosis of the penile urethra, favouring the retention of urine at the urinary bladder. The retrograde pressure exerted by the distension of the urinary bladder could have allowed the urine to reach the prostatic urethra and the deferent ducts and, finally, the epididymes, causing irritation and rupture of the mucous layer of the epididymal duct, the consequent sperm extravasation and the development of sperm granulomas. We speculate that the inadequate surgical resolution of the urethral calculi caused the bladder distension, the subsequent retrograde flow of urine and the development of the lesions.
M Batista-Arteaga; M Santana; O Lozano; T Niño; D Alamo; F Rodríguez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Reproduction in domestic animals = Zuchthygiene     Volume:  46     ISSN:  1439-0531     ISO Abbreviation:  Reprod. Domest. Anim.     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-07-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9015668     Medline TA:  Reprod Domest Anim     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  731-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.
Unit of Reproduction Unit of Surgery Unit of Comparative Pathology, Veterinary Medicine Faculty, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Arucas, Gran Canaria, Spain.
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