Document Detail

Bifurcation analysis of nonlinear retinal horizontal cell models. I. Properties of isolated cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2769357     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
1. Bifurcation theory is used to study properties of nonlinear analytical and computational models of isolated retinal horizontal cells. The analytical model is based on the published data of Shingai and Christensen describing steady-state I-V characteristics of horizontal cells isolated from catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) retina. The computational model is based on I-V characteristics of distinct macroscopic membrane currents observed in horizontal cells isolated from goldfish (Carassius auratus) retina. Slow-model dynamics are analyzed assuming that excitatory processes occur rapidly with respect to the time course of inactivation of the inward Ca2+ and outward K+ currents. 2. A global bifurcation diagram plotting the location and stability properties of critical points as a function of photoreceptor-evoked horizontal-cell postsynaptic membrane conductance Gsyn is derived for the analytical model. The automated bifurcation analysis software AUTO is used to compute global bifurcation diagrams for the computational model. Bifurcation diagrams exhibit a bistable regime at small Gsyn values characterized by two stable and one unstable critical point and a monostable regime at larger Gsyn values characterized by a single globally attracting stable critical point. The transition between bistable and monostable behavior occurs at a Gsyn value of roughly 0.9 nS for the computational model and 1.7 nS for the analytical model. Estimates of horizontal-cell glutamate-channel conductance suggest that this transition corresponds to the activation of as few as 400-700 glutamate channels. Dark-evoked release of neurotransmitter from photoreceptors may therefore set horizontal-cell synaptic conductance Gsyn to a value within the monostable regime. 3. Photoreceptor-evoked horizontal-cell membrane conductance, total Ca2+ channel conductance, and inactivation of the inward Ca2+ current are shown to be the major factors controlling the bifurcation structure of the computational model. Inactivation of the inward Ca2+ current is required to account for the dark resting potential of horizontal cells as well as light-evoked hyperpolarizing responses. Inactivation of the outward K+ current has little effect on model properties. 4. Isolated horizontal cells generate Ca2+ action potentials whereas cells in the intact retina normally do not. Simple procedures for modeling the slow dynamics of isolated horizontal-cell Ca2+ action potentials are described.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
R L Winslow
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurophysiology     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0022-3077     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurophysiol.     Publication Date:  1989 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-10-03     Completed Date:  1989-10-03     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375404     Medline TA:  J Neurophysiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  738-49     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Physiology, University of Minnesota School of Medicine, Minneapolis 55455.
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MeSH Terms
Evoked Potentials
Models, Neurological*
Retina / cytology,  physiology*
Retinal Ganglion Cells / physiology*
Statistics as Topic
Grant Support

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