Document Detail

Bifid condyle: review of the literature of the last 10 years and report of two cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20491236     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Bifid mandibular condyle is a rare anomaly; there are several theories about its etiology, and it has been studied in both prehistoric and historic skulls, as well as in living human beings. It is a frequent, although unexpected, finding in asymptomatic individuals during radiological treatment. Presented here is a review of the literature over the past 10 years and two new cases of unilateral bifid condyle. Computerized tomography is usually considered the test of choice for establishing the differential diagnosis, although in certain cases, its use seems questionable. The distinction between bifid condyle and condylar notch or cleft has been described in the literature, it is proposed a criteria for defining bifid condyle depending on the level of the two heads. It is suggested that further testing such as MRI or CT be carried out only in cases where the therapeutic approach involves an active treatment. It is proposed that bifid condyle is described as that which presents two condylar heads emerging from the neck of the condyle or further down.
Jos? L?pez-L?pez; Ra?l Ayuso-Montero; Enric Jan? Salas; Xavier Rosell?-Llabr?s
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cranio : the journal of craniomandibular practice     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0886-9634     ISO Abbreviation:  Cranio     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-24     Completed Date:  2010-06-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8609491     Medline TA:  Cranio     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  136-40     Citation Subset:  D    
Department of Dentistry, University of Barcelona, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Dislocations / etiology,  therapy
Mandibular Condyle / abnormalities*,  radiography
Masseter Muscle / physiopathology
Middle Aged
Occlusal Splints
Temporomandibular Joint / radiography
Temporomandibular Joint Disorders / etiology,  therapy
Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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