Document Detail


Bias in maternal reports of smoking during pregnancy associated with fetal distress.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11338147     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Studies examining the adverse effects of smoking during pregnancy commonly use maternal reports. We hypothesized that if an adverse event occurred during pregnancy, women may underreport smoking. This study looked for bias in maternal report of smoking if fetal distress occurs.
METHODS: Data were collected prospectively from patients attending The MotheRisk Program who smoked during pregnancy, and were categorized by delivery outcome, maternal and neonatal characteristics, and the raw number of cigarettes smoked per day during pregnancy reported at clinic and at follow-up. The difference between these two values was compared.
RESULTS: 95 women had uneventful deliveries and 25 had fetal distress. Women who reported fetal distress decreased their report of smoking after delivery compared to their original report during pregnancy, whereas women with an uneventful labour did not (p = 0.04).
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that if an adverse pregnancy outcome occurs, mothers may tend to underreport their cigarette consumption.
Authors:
M Wong; G Koren
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de santé publique     Volume:  92     ISSN:  0008-4263     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Public Health     Publication Date:    2001 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-05-07     Completed Date:  2001-05-21     Revised Date:  2013-06-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372714     Medline TA:  Can J Public Health     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  109-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Bias (Epidemiology)
Deception
Female
Fetal Distress / etiology*
Humans
Mothers / psychology*
Ontario
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications / diagnosis,  psychology*
Pregnancy Outcome
Prospective Studies
Questionnaires / standards*
Risk Factors
Smoking / adverse effects*,  psychology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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