Document Detail


Beyond the pre-shock pause: the effect of prehospital defibrillation mode on CPR interruptions and return of spontaneous circulation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23337112     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: The pattern of interruptions to chest compressions in pre-hospital cardiac arrests in Wellington, New Zealand, was examined prospectively to determine whether the mode of defibrillation chosen by paramedics influenced interruptions, shock success and the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study of 44 adult cardiac arrests in which 203 shocks were administered by Wellington Free Ambulance (WFA) paramedics was undertaken to compare Code-stat(®) electronic records from Medtronic(®) Lifepak 12 and Lifepak 15 defibrillators used in semi-automated (AED) or manual mode. Interruptions during the 30 secs prior to shock delivery as well as pre-shock and post-shock pauses were calculated. Shock success and ROSC were the outcome measures. RESULTS: Pre-shock pauses were shorter in manual mode (median 3 secs, IQR 2-5) versus AED mode (median 4 secs, IQR 3-6; p=0.003). Interruptions of CPR in the 30 secs prior to shock delivery were also shorter in manual mode (median 7 secs, IQR 4-11) versus AED mode (median 14 secs, IQR 12-16; p=<0.001). Shock success rates and post-shock pauses were not statistically different between modes. ROSC was significantly higher in manual mode (18.49%) versus AED mode (8.33%, p=0.042). CONCLUSION: When paramedics used the defibrillator in manual mode as compared to AED mode, interruptions to CPR during the 30 secs prior to shock delivery were significantly reduced and pre-shock pauses were also shorter. This was associated with increased ROSC. Manual defibrillation should be the preferred option for appropriately trained paramedics. Training in this locality has been changed accordingly.
Authors:
William G O Tomkins; Andrew H Swain; Mark Bailey; Peter D Larsen
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Resuscitation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-1570     ISO Abbreviation:  Resuscitation     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0332173     Medline TA:  Resuscitation     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
University of Otago, PO Box 7343, Wellington 6242, New Zealand.
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