Document Detail


Beyond the organ donor card: the effect of knowledge, attitudes, and values on willingness to communicate about organ donation to family members.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11853207     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although numerous studies have examined many of the predictors of signing an organ donor card, including knowledge, attitudes, values, and demographic variables, very few have examined the factors associated with individuals' willingness to communicate about organ donation with family members. Because organ donation does not take place without the permission of a person's next-of-kin, government agencies and organ procurement organizations have targeted communication with family members as a primary objective of organ donation campaigns. This study reports the results of a survey of a stratified random sample of adults at 2 local sites of a national employer. Results indicate that knowledge, attitude, and altruism are significantly related to 2 measures of willingness to communicate: past behavior (whether respondents had already discussed organ donation with family members) and a scale measuring willingness to communicate about organ donation in the future. Because the quality of discussions between the potential donor and his or her family will depend on how well the donor is able to address vital issues regarding donation, it is concluded that campaigns seeking to promote communication between family members about organ donation must simultaneously seek to increase knowledge, debunk myths, and bolster positive attitudes about donation.
Authors:
Susan E Morgan; Jenny K Miller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health communication     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1041-0236     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Commun     Publication Date:  2002  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-02-20     Completed Date:  2002-03-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8908762     Medline TA:  Health Commun     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  121-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Communication Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA. semorgan@scils.rutgers.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Communication
Family
Female
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Humans
Male
Mass Media
Middle Aged
Models, Psychological
Questionnaires
Tissue Donors / psychology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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