Document Detail


Betel nut chewing is associated with hypertension in Taiwanese type 2 diabetic patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18497460     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Betel nut chewing is associated with oral cancers and diabetes. This study investigated whether betel nut chewing could be associated with hypertension in Taiwanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The data of a total of 81,226 (37,226 men and 44,000 women) patients with T2DM obtained from a cross-sectional telephone survey in a national sample of diabetic patients in Taiwan were analyzed. Hypertension was defined by a positive history or reported systolic blood pressure>or=140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure>or=90 mmHg. Analyses were performed in separate sexes with consideration paid to the potential confounding effects of age, diabetic duration, body mass index and smoking. The prevalences of betel nut chewing in men and women were 20.4% and 1.1%, respectively. Betel nut chewing was more common in the younger age groups of the male sex. The multivariate-adjusted odds ratios for hypertension in chewers vs. non-chewers were 1.067 (1.007-1.131) and 1.897 (1.534-2.346) for men and women, respectively. In multiple linear regression, although no adjustment was made for the use of antihypertensive agents, betel nut chewing was significantly associated with blood pressure, with regression coefficients of 0.958+/-0.163 (SEM) for systolic and 0.441+/-0.108 for diastolic blood pressure in men; and the respective values for women were 1.805+/-0.618 and 1.198+/-0.393. In conclusion, betel nut chewing was significantly associated with hypertension in Taiwanese patients with T2DM and the association was stronger in women.
Authors:
Chin-Hsiao Tseng
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hypertension research : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0916-9636     ISO Abbreviation:  Hypertens. Res.     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-23     Completed Date:  2008-07-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9307690     Medline TA:  Hypertens Res     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  417-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, and National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. ccktsh@ms6.hinet.net
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Factors
Aged
Areca / adverse effects*
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology*,  ethnology,  physiopathology
Female
Humans
Hypertension / epidemiology*,  ethnology,  physiopathology
Interviews as Topic
Linear Models
Male
Mastication
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Prevalence
Sex Factors
Taiwan / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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