Document Detail


Beta-thromboglobulin release within coronary circulation--a potential role of platelets in ergonovine-induced coronary vasospasm.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2417966     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The role of platelets in the pathogenesis of acute myocardial ischemia is not yet agreed upon. In this study, the gradient of plasma beta-thromboglobulin concentration between coronary sinus and aorta was used as an indicator of platelet activation within the coronary circulation. Blood samples were drawn before and after injection of ergonovine maleate in patients without fixed coronary stenosis in whom significant coronary spasm was induced by ergonovine (n = 8, Group 1), patients with significant stenosis (greater than or equal to 75%) of the left anterior descending artery and positive ergonovine test (n = 7, Group 2) and patients with significant stenosis of left anterior descending coronary artery and negative ergonovine test (n = 11, Group 3). Fifteen patients with normal coronary arteries who were negative in the ergonovine test served as controls (Group 4). After the ergonovine test, all Group 1 patients revealed a significant increase of beta-thromboglobulin gradient (P less than 0.001), while those in other groups did not. Additionally, the gradient after the ergonovine test of Group 1 patients was larger than those of the other groups (P less than 0.01). All blood samples after the ergonovine test were collected before or at the onset of angina attacks. These results suggest that platelet activation within the coronary circulation has some pathogenic role, probably as an aggravating factor, in coronary artery spasm.
Authors:
K Ogasawara; T Aizawa; K Nishimura; H Satoh; J Fujii; K Katoh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0167-5273     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1986 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-03-18     Completed Date:  1986-03-18     Revised Date:  2006-07-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  15-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Beta-Globulins / metabolism*
Blood Platelets / physiology*
Coronary Angiography
Coronary Vasospasm / chemically induced,  physiopathology*
Ergonovine / analogs & derivatives*,  diagnostic use
Female
Heart Catheterization
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
beta-Thromboglobulin / metabolism*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Beta-Globulins; 0/beta-Thromboglobulin; 60-79-7/Ergonovine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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