Document Detail


Beta-papillomavirus DNA loads in hair follicles of immunocompetent people and organ transplant recipients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21792749     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
There is increasing evidence of an association between human papillomaviruses (HPV) of the beta-genus (beta-PV) and the development of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The viral DNA load may be an important determinant of pathogenicity, but there are currently no baseline epidemiological data relating to load in people without SCC. We investigated DNA-loads of eight beta-PV types previously associated with risk of SCC. We collected eyebrow hairs from immunocompetent people (ICP) and organ transplant recipients (OTR), determined load by quantitative PCR and obtained demographic, phenotypic, and sun exposure information. Viral loads for ICP from Australia (n = 241) and Italy (n = 223) and OTR from across Europe (n = 318) spanned seven orders of magnitude. The median loads for all types were below one viral DNA copy per 60 cells and were highest for HPV5, HPV8 and HPV20. None of the populations had consistently higher viral loads for all 8 types. However, a higher proportion of OTR were in the top deciles of viral load distributions for six of the eight beta-PV types examined. In a nested analysis of Italian OTR and ICP, this finding was significant for six beta-PV types and cumulative load. Increasing age was significantly associated with higher viral loads in Australia, and there was a weak trend for higher loads with the time elapsed since transplantation in the OTR. We observed a wide distribution of beta-PV loads with OTR significantly more likely to have the highest viral loads. Thus, viral loads may be an important contributor to the higher risk of SCC in OTR.
Authors:
Sönke Weissenborn; Rachel E Neale; Tim Waterboer; Damiano Abeni; Jan Nico Bouwes Bavinck; Adele C Green; Catherine A Harwood; Sylvie Euvrard; Mariet C W Feltkamp; Maurits N C de Koning; Luigi Naldi; Wim G V Quint; Gianpaolo Tessari; Charlotte M Proby; Ulrike Wieland; Herbert Pfister;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-07-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical microbiology and immunology     Volume:  201     ISSN:  1432-1831     ISO Abbreviation:  Med. Microbiol. Immunol.     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-24     Completed Date:  2012-08-08     Revised Date:  2014-07-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0314524     Medline TA:  Med Microbiol Immunol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  117-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Australia
Betapapillomavirus / classification,  genetics,  isolation & purification*
Case-Control Studies
DNA, Viral / isolation & purification*
Data Collection
Europe
Eyebrows / virology
Female
Genotype
Hair Follicle / virology*
Humans
Immunocompromised Host
Male
Middle Aged
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Transplants
Viral Load*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
13044//Cancer Research UK; G0700814//Medical Research Council; G0802468//Medical Research Council
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA, Viral
Investigator
Investigator/Affiliation:
C A Harwood / ; C M Proby / ; J Breuer / ; L Mitchell / ; K Purdie / ; S R Lambert / ; H Ran / ; J N Bouwes Bavinck / ; P van der Zwan-Kralt / ; Y G L de Graaf / ; L E Vos / ; E J Uphoff-Meijerink / ; R Willemze / ; M C W Feltkamp / ; L Struijk / ; P Wanningen / ; P Z van der Meijden / ; R Wolterbeek / ; S Euvrard / ; A C Butnaru / ; A Claudy / ; J Kanitakis / ; L Naldi / ; A Pizzagalli / ; F Sassi / ; G Tessari / ; I Nindl / ; E Stockfleth / ; T Forschner / ; H Pfister / ; U Wieland / ; S Weissenborn / ; M Pawlita / ; T Waterboer / ; P Sehr / ; K M Michael / ; W G V Quint / ; M N C de Koning / ; J ter Schegget / ; B Kleter / ; L J van Doorn / ; D Abeni / ; F Sampogna / ; T J Mannooranparampil / ; N Melo-Salcedo / ; S Simoni / ; G P Petasecca Donati / ; C Masini / ; C Deppermann Fortes / ; A C Green / ; R Neale / ; C Olsen / ; P O'Rourke / ; S Harrison / ; P Buttner /

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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