Document Detail

Beta-blocker prevents sudden cardiac death in patients with hemodialysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21996409     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Beta blockers were shown to prevent SCD in cardiomyopathy or coronary artery disease patients. Dialysis patients show elevated mortality rates, predominantly due to cardiovascular disease. SCD is now one of the leading causes of death in this population. However, the prevention of SCD remains to be elucidated. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 316 patients from a database of all patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis and followed up for 4.9years. All patients were followed-up until death. Cox regression analysis was used to adjust the hazard ratio for beta blocker use with time until death. RESULTS: SCD occurred during the study period in 3 (3.8%) patients in the beta blocker group and in 27 (11.4%) patients in the non-beta blocker group (P=0.047). Death from all causes occurred in 15 (18.8%) patients in the beta blocker group and in 97 (41.3%) patients in the non-beta blocker group (P<0.001). Kaplan-Meier curve showed that the rates of both SCD and all-cause death were lower in the beta blocker group (log-rank test, P=0.028 and P<0.001, respectively). In the Cox regression model, beta blocker use was significantly associated with lower adjusted risk of SCD (multivariate adjusted hazard ratio, 0.201; 95% confidence interval, 0.058-0.693; P=0.011). CONCLUSION: In hemodialysis patients, beta blocker use was associated with lower risks of SCD and death from all causes. Thus, beta blocker use in this high-risk population may substantially improve outcome.
Yuya Matsue; Makoto Suzuki; Wataru Nagahori; Masakazu Ohno; Akihiko Matsumura; Yuji Hashimoto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1874-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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