Document Detail


The Berlin Poliklinik: psychoanalytic innovation in Weimar Germany.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10650563     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
After Freud proposed in 1918 the creation of "institutions or out-patient clinics [where] treatment will be free," Max Eitingon, Ernst Simmel, and other progressive psychoanalysts founded the Berlin Poliklinik, a free outpatient clinic. Guided by Weimar Republic principles of "radical functionalism," the Poliklinik and its companion inpatient service, the Schloss Tegel Sanatorium, pioneered treatment and training methodologies still used--and still debated--today. Their funding strategies, statistics, and approaches to clinical problems like length of treatment tell the history of an innovative psychoanalytic institute where men and women were generally treated in equal numbers and patients (ranging in occupational status from unemployed to professional) of all ages were treated free. Franz Alexander, Karl Abraham, Theresa Benedek, Paul Federn, Otto Fenichel, Edith Jacobson, Karen Horney, Erich Fromm, Helene Deutsch, Hanns Sachs, Sándor Radó, Hermine von Hug-Hellmuth, Wilhelm Reich, Annie Reich, and Melanie Klein all worked at the Poliklinik, and from there initiated decades of original clinical theory, practice, and education.
Authors:
E A Danto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association     Volume:  47     ISSN:  0003-0651     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Psychoanal Assoc     Publication Date:  1999  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-03-01     Completed Date:  2000-03-01     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505579     Medline TA:  J Am Psychoanal Assoc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1269-92     Citation Subset:  IM; Q    
Affiliation:
Hunter College School of Social Work, City University of New York, USA. Edanto@hunter.cuny.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Female
Germany
History, 20th Century
Hospitals, Psychiatric / history*
Humanism / history
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders / history,  therapy
Psychiatry / education,  history*
Psychoanalysis / history*
Social Class

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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