Document Detail

Benefits and risks of circumcision.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7037142     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Circumcisions are performed either prophylactically in the neonatal period or therapeutically at a later age. About 10% of males not circumcised at birth will eventually require circumcision. The present neonatal circumcision rate is about 80% in the United States and 40% in Canada. The single most important determinant of whether a newborn male will be circumcised is the attitude of the attending physician. The literature was reviewed to determine the proven benefits of circumcision and to compare these with the known risks. Circumcising the newborn facilitates penile hygiene, prevents cancer of the penis and decreases the incidence of genital herpes in later life. Whether it decreases the incidence of cancer of the cervix is still uncertain. More important, neonatal circumcision is associated with much lower morbidity and mortality and with lower costs than therapeutic circumcision. Thus, prophylactic circumcision is recommended for the male population as a whole.
E Warner; E Strashin
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian Medical Association journal     Volume:  125     ISSN:  0008-4409     ISO Abbreviation:  Can Med Assoc J     Publication Date:  1981 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-05-12     Completed Date:  1982-05-12     Revised Date:  2010-09-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0414110     Medline TA:  Can Med Assoc J     Country:  CANADA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  967-76, 992     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Balanitis / therapy
Circumcision, Male*
Dyspareunia / therapy
Great Britain
Herpes Genitalis / prevention & control
Infant, Newborn
Penile Neoplasms / prevention & control
Phimosis / surgery
Postoperative Complications
United States
Urination Disorders / therapy
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / prevention & control

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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