Document Detail

Benefits of exercise maintenance after traumatic brain injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22840829     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of exercise intervention on exercise maintenance, depression, quality of life, and mental health at 6 months for people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) with at least mild depression.
DESIGN: Treatment group participants were assessed at baseline, after a 10-week exercise intervention, and 6 months after completion of the intervention.
SETTING: Community.
PARTICIPANTS: Participants (N=40) with self-reported TBI from 6 months to 5 years prior to study enrollment and a score of 5 or greater on the Patient Health Questionnaire-9.
INTERVENTIONS: Ten-week exercise intervention program consisting of supervised weekly 60-minute sessions and unsupervised 30 minutes of aerobic exercises 4 times each week. Telephone follow-up was conducted every 2 weeks for an additional 6 months to promote exercise maintenance for individuals randomized to the intervention group.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) comparing participant outcomes over time. Post hoc analyses included comparison among those who exercised more or less than 90 minutes per week.
RESULTS: Participants reduced their scores on the BDI from baseline to 10 weeks and maintained improvement over time. Many participants (48%) demonstrated increased physical activity at 6 months compared with baseline. Those who exercised more than 90 minutes had lower scores on the BDI at the 10-week and 6-month assessments and reported higher perceived quality of life and mental health.
CONCLUSIONS: Exercise may contribute to improvement in mood and quality of life for people with TBI and should be considered as part of the approach to depression treatment.
Elizabeth K Wise; Jeanne M Hoffman; Janet M Powell; Charles H Bombardier; Kathleen R Bell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation     Volume:  93     ISSN:  1532-821X     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Phys Med Rehabil     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985158R     Medline TA:  Arch Phys Med Rehabil     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1319-23     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, WA.
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