Document Detail


Benefits and costs of lifestyle change to reduce risk of chronic disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3047727     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Individuals do not benefit equally from attempts to change their lifestyles in an effort to lower their risk for disease or to improve their quality of life. A change in one lifestyle behavior may cause an increase in another risk factor and reduce the benefits of the anticipated change. The social environment exerts pressures and makes available resources that also influence the benefits and costs of a particular health behavior change. These pressures and resources vary depending on the individual and his or her social context. This article uses the target behavior of smoking as an example of a lifestyle change and considers the benefits and costs that interventionists need to be aware of if they are to effectively facilitate health behavior change. This approach requires the identification of resources at different levels of the environment (e.g., family, community, institutions) that may influence the cost/benefit ratio. Such an analysis is appropriate whether one is considering a model of individual behavior change or a public health model that seeks to intervene at the community-wide level to promote health and reduce disease risk among a large segment of the population. Specific recommendations based on this approach are offered and it is concluded that both individual and public health approaches are necessary to achieve optimal health behavior change in our population and to optimize the cost/benefit ratio of such change for all individuals.
Authors:
J K Ockene; G Sorensen; J Kabat-Zinn; I S Ockene; G Donnelly
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Preventive medicine     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0091-7435     ISO Abbreviation:  Prev Med     Publication Date:  1988 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-10-21     Completed Date:  1988-10-21     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0322116     Medline TA:  Prev Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  224-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester 01655.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Chronic Disease*
Coronary Disease / prevention & control
Humans
Life Style*
Male
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
Smoking / trends

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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