Document Detail

Beneficial effects of inhibition of angiotensin-converting enzyme on ischemic myocardium during coronary hypoperfusion in dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7641379     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) produces angiotensin II, causing vasoconstriction of coronary arteries and reduction of coronary blood flow. The present study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that an ACE inhibitor increases coronary blood flow and improves myocardial metabolic and contractile functions of ischemic myocardium.
METHODS AND RESULTS: In 65 open-chest dogs, the left anterior descending coronary artery was perfused through an extracorporeal bypass tube from the left carotid artery. When cilazaprilat (3 micrograms/kg per minute) was infused into the bypass tube for 10 minutes after reduction of coronary blood flow due to partial occlusion of the bypass tube, coronary blood flow increased from 30 +/- 1 to 43 +/- 2 mL/100 g per minute despite there being no changes in coronary perfusion pressure (43 +/- 1 mm Hg). The ratio of myocardial endocardial flow to epicardial flow increased during an infusion of cilazaprilat. Both fractional shortening and lactate extraction ratio of the perfused area were increased (fractional shortening: 4.1 +/- 0.6% to 8.9 +/- 0.6%, P < .001; lactate extraction ratio: -55.7 +/- 3.3% to -36.7 +/- 3.9%, P < .001). During an infusion of cilazaprilat, the bradykinin concentration of coronary venous blood was markedly increased. The increased coronary blood flow due to cilazaprilat was attenuated by HOE-140 (an inhibitor of bradykinin receptors; coronary blood flow: 35 +/- 2 mL/100 g per minute), and by N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase; coronary blood flow: 34 +/- 2 mL/100 g per minute). Intracoronary administration of bradykinin mimicked the beneficial effects of cilazaprilat. Cyclic GMP content of the coronary artery was increased by cilazaprilat compared with the untreated condition in the ischemic myocardium. In the denervated hearts, the increased coronary blood flow due to cilazaprilat was not attenuated. On the other hand, CV11974, an inhibitor of angiotensin II receptors, slightly increased coronary blood flow to 34 +/- 2 from 30 +/- 1 mL/100 g per minute.
CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that an inhibitor of ACE can increase coronary blood flow and ameliorate myocardial ischemia, primarily due to accumulation of bradykinin and production of nitric oxide from the ischemic myocardium. Inhibition of angiotensin II production due to inhibition of ACE partially contributes to coronary vasodilation in the ischemic myocardium.
M Kitakaze; T Minamino; K Node; K Komamura; Y Shinozaki; H Mori; H Kosaka; M Inoue; M Hori; T Kamada
Related Documents :
7728809 - Phasic right coronary blood flow in a patient with right ventricular hypertension using...
3922209 - Effect of intracoronary nitroglycerin on myocardial blood flow and distribution in paci...
1961159 - Coronary blood flow measurement using an angiographic first pass distribution technique...
18258419 - Ginkgo biloba extract improves coronary blood flow in healthy elderly adults: role of e...
6493359 - Different responses of the isolated canine coronary artery superfused with blood or kre...
9543239 - Endothelin-1 and unstable angina: effect of either endothelin et(a) or et(b) receptor a...
1409989 - Intraoperative physiologic blood flow studies in the tram flap.
8751299 - Haemoglobin-based red cell substitutes: current status.
22942039 - Long term monitoring of blood flow at multiple depths - observations of changes.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation     Volume:  92     ISSN:  0009-7322     ISO Abbreviation:  Circulation     Publication Date:  1995 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-09-21     Completed Date:  1995-09-21     Revised Date:  2014-01-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147763     Medline TA:  Circulation     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  950-61     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology*
Bradykinin / metabolism
Cilazapril / analogs & derivatives,  pharmacology
Coronary Circulation / drug effects*
Myocardial Ischemia / physiopathology*
Nitric Oxide / metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors; 19KW7PI29F/Cilazapril; 31C4KY9ESH/Nitric Oxide; S8TIM42R2W/Bradykinin; WBL76FH528/cilazaprilat

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Maintenance of coronary patency after fibrinolysis with tissue factor pathway inhibitor.
Next Document:  Role of thrombin compared with factor Xa in the procoagulant activity of whole blood clots.