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Beneficial effects of houttuynin on ventricular remodeling induced by coronary artery ligation in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25041841     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To examine the effects of houttuynin on ventricular remodeling induced by coronary artery ligation in rats and the underlying mechanisms. A rat model of ventricular remodeling was established by left coronary artery ligation (CAL). Rats were randomly divided into four groups: CAL control, CAL plus 40mg/kg captopril, CAL plus 100mg/kg houttuynin and sham-operated control. The rats were administered intragastrically with the corresponding drugs or distilled water for 7 weeks. At the end of the experiment, the left ventricular weight index (LVWI) and heart weight index (HWI) were determined. Myocardium tissue was stained with hematoxylin and eosin or picric acid/Sirius red for cardiomyocyte cross-section area or collagen content measurements respectively. The concentrations of angiotensin I (Ang I), angiotensin II (Ang II), aldosterone (ALD) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) in myocardium or serum were detected by radioimmunoassay. The hydroxyproline (Hyp) concentration was measured by alkali hydrolysis. Ultraviolet spectrophotometry was used to determine glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and catalase (CAT) activites in serum. Houttuynin significantly diminished LVWI and HWI, decreased Ang I, Ang II, ALD, ET-1 and Hyp concentrations in myocardium or serum, increased NO concentration and GSH-Px, CAT activities after 7 weeks of treatment. Houttuynin could also reduce cardiomyocyte cross-section area and collagen deposition. Houttuynin attenuates ventricular remodeling in coronary artery ligation rats by restricting the excessive activation of rennin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and the peroxidation.
Authors:
Yan Gao; Jian Ping Gao; Chang Xun Chen; Hui Lin Wang; Juan Guo; Rong Wu
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of pharmacology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-0712     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254354     Medline TA:  Eur J Pharmacol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.
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