Document Detail


Beneficial effects of amiodarone pretreatment on early ischemic ventricular arrhythmias relative to infarct size and regional myocardial blood flow in the conscious dog.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6185768     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects of chronic pretreatment with amiodarone on ischemic ventricular arrhythmias were evaluated in fully conscious instrumented dogs. In control dogs (n = 14) with large myocardial infarcts, early (first 30 min) ventricular arrhythmias occurred in a bimodal distribution with peaks at 3-5 min and at 12-25 min, with only the former associated with epicardial conduction delay. Ventricular fibrillation occurred equally frequently during each peak of early ventricular arrhythmias. Amiodarone (30 mg/kg daily) for 3-4 weeks had no significant effect (n = 11) on anatomic infarct size (28 +/- 6 vs. 30 +/- 5% of left ventricular weight) nor on collateral blood flow in the center of the infarct (19 +/- 11 vs. 15 +/- 7 ml/min/100 g of tissue) or on the ratio of endocardial/epicardial perfusion (0.23 +/- 0.19 vs. 0.28 +/- 19). Despite significant lengthening of peak epicardial conduction delay (191 +/- 20 to 239 +/- 81 ms, p less than 0.05), the frequency of early ventricular arrhythmias, especially during the second peak of ectopic activity, were markedly attenuated by amiodarone pretreatment, with the extrasystole-free intervals often being as long as 6 h. The incidence of ventricular fibrillation was 9% in the treated animals compared with 29% in the controls. In the control animals, arrhythmias always supervened when epicardial fractionation was significant, and no ectopy-free interval was present in the first 6 h following coronary occlusion. The data indicate that chronic amiodarone pretreatment exerts a beneficial effect on the frequency and severity of such ventricular tachyarrhythmias, with reduction in the incidence of ventricular fibrillation and ectopic activity in the early phases following coronary occlusion.
Authors:
C Y Chew; J T Collet; C Campbell; R Kannan; B Singh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology     Volume:  4     ISSN:  0160-2446     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:    1982 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-03-11     Completed Date:  1983-03-11     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7902492     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Pharmacol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1028-36     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Amiodarone / blood,  pharmacology*
Animals
Arrhythmias, Cardiac / physiopathology*
Benzofurans / pharmacology*
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Coronary Circulation / drug effects*
Coronary Disease / physiopathology*
Coronary Vessels
Dogs
Electrocardiography
Female
Hemodynamics / drug effects*
Ligation
Male
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Benzofurans; 1951-25-3/Amiodarone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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