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Beneficial effect of oral administration of Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota on insulin resistance in diet-induced obesity mice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21281408     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Aims:  This study aimed at determining whether oral administration of a probiotic strain, Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota (LcS), can improve insulin resistance, which is the underlying cause of obesity-associated metabolic abnormalities, in diet-induced obesity (DIO) mice. Methods and Results:  DIO mice were fed a high-fat diet without or with 0·05% LcS for 4 weeks and then subjected to an insulin tolerance test (ITT) or oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Oral administration of LcS not only accelerated the reduction in plasma glucose levels during the ITT, but also reduced the elevation of plasma glucose levels during the OGTT. In addition, plasma levels of lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP), which is a marker of endotoxaemia, were augmented in the murine models of obese DIO, ob/ob, db/db and KK-A(y) and compared to those of lean mice. LcS treatment suppressed the elevation of plasma LBP levels in DIO mice, but did not affect intra-abdominal fat weight. Conclusions:  LcS improves insulin resistance and glucose intolerance in DIO mice. The reduction in endotoxaemia, but not intra-abdominal fat, may contribute to the beneficial effects of LcS. Significance and Impact of the Study:  This study suggests that LcS has the potential to prevent obesity-associated metabolic abnormalities by improving insulin resistance.
Authors:
E Naito; Y Yoshida; K Makino; Y Kounoshi; S Kunihiro; R Takahashi; T Matsuzaki; K Miyazaki; F Ishikawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2010-12-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied microbiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2672     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9706280     Medline TA:  J Appl Microbiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of Applied Microbiology © 2011 The Society for Applied Microbiology.
Affiliation:
Yakult Central Institute for Microbiological Research, Kunitachi-shi, Tokyo, Japan.
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