Document Detail


Beliefs about the genetics of suicide in Canadian students: cross-language validation of the Beliefs in the Inheritance of Risk Factors for Suicide Scale (BIRFSS).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18588586     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: The genetics underlying suicidal behavior is becoming increasingly recognized and investigated. Convergent evidence towards this end has emerged from numerous research strategies (adoption, family, genome-scan, geographic, immigrant, molecular genetic, surname, and twin studies of suicide). The topic-related mental-health literacy (i.e. knowledge and beliefs) of professionals and laypersons, however, may lag behind this research progress, and data on this question are scant. The aim of the present study was therefore to further validate, in a cross-language setting, the novel 22-item Beliefs in the Inheritance of Risk Factors for Suicide Scale (BIRFSS), originally developed in German, which assesses beliefs about the genetics of suicide. METHODS: Data were collected from a mixed student sample from Canada (n = 288; 70.5% females, 58.0% studying psychology as a major or minor). RESULTS: Factor analysis of BIRFSS items yielded a dominant first factor. Internal scale consistency was, however, only middling (lower than previously observed in Austrian samples). Although the structure of beliefs about the genetics of suicide seems to be complex, the Canadian sample's item-performance indicators corresponded strongly to those obtained in Austrian samples, thus indicating cross-sample and cross-language robustness of item statistics. CONCLUSION: For the Canadian sample, BIRFSS scores were positively related to overall and specific knowledge about suicide and general beliefs about genetic determinism (convergent validity), whereas they were not (or only trivially) related to the Big Five personality dimensions, lay theories of suicide, locus of control, social desirability, religiosity, and political orientation (discriminant validity), and to several key demographic variables. Supplemental findings, study limitations, application possibilities, user recommendations, and avenues for further inquiry are discussed.
Authors:
Martin Voracek; Maryanne L Fisher; Lisa Mariella Loibl; Hasan Tan; Gernot Sonneck
Related Documents :
19320196 - Social support and suicide risk among secondary school students in cape town, south afr...
19486726 - Nicotine dependence is associated with suicide attempts and self-mutilation among adole...
4016456 - The risk of child abuse among mothers who attempt suicide.
3570186 - Predictive factors in repeated suicide attempts by adolescents.
17345886 - Healthcare law in france: towards healthcare emancipation for minors.
2618786 - Inpatient adolescent psychiatry in a teaching hospital in nigeria.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychiatry and clinical neurosciences     Volume:  62     ISSN:  1440-1819     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci.     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-30     Completed Date:  2008-09-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9513551     Medline TA:  Psychiatry Clin Neurosci     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  271-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Basic Psychological Research, School of Psychology, University of Vienna, Austria. martin.voracek@univie.ac.at
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Canada
Causality
Cross-Cultural Comparison*
Culture*
Female
Genetic Predisposition to Disease / psychology*
Humans
Language*
Male
Psychometrics / statistics & numerical data
Questionnaires*
Reproducibility of Results
Risk Factors
Students / psychology*
Suicide / psychology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Prion disease causes less severe lesions in human hippocampus than other parts of brain.
Next Document:  Classification of adult patients with type 2 diabetes using the Temperament and Character Inventory.