Document Detail

Belief in a just world and well-being of bullies, victims and defenders: a study with Portuguese and Indian students.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19333798     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Previous findings characterize the belief in a just world (BJW) as a valuable resource for maintaining positive well-being and assimilating injustice. The present cross-sectional study applies just world research to school bullying and tested the hypotheses that the personal BJW is positively correlated with subjective well-being, here particularly school distress. In this paper the generalizability of this association is tested in victims, bullies, and defenders, and across gender and also two countries with different cultures, Portugal and India. We will test if BJW can best be interpreted as a personal resource (main effect) or a buffer (moderator) for the distress of victims, bullies and defenders of the victims. The participants were 465 school students (Portuguese sample: 187 students aged between 12 and 18 years; Indian sample: 278 Indian students aged between 14 and 17 years). Overall, the results of the study supported the personal resource hypothesis. The stronger the adolescents' endorsements of the BJW the less they felt distressed at school, and this was true independent of their bullying behavior and within both sexes and across both samples, although boys, bullies, and Portuguese adolescents experienced more distress and defenders experienced less distress at school.
Isabel Correia; Shanmukh V Kamble; Claudia Dalbert
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anxiety, stress, and coping     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1477-2205     ISO Abbreviation:  Anxiety Stress Coping     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-25     Completed Date:  2010-02-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9212242     Medline TA:  Anxiety Stress Coping     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  497-508     Citation Subset:  IM    
CIS-Centro de Investigacao e Intervencao Social/ISCTE-Lisbon University Institute, Lisboa, Portugal.
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MeSH Terms
Aggression / psychology*
Crime Victims*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Interpersonal Relations
Social Justice*
Stress, Psychological / epidemiology

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