Document Detail

Belief-based and analytic processing in transitive inference depends on premise integration difficulty.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20921105     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Three experiments investigated belief-based versus analytic processing in transitive inference. Belief-based and analytic processing were inferred from conclusion acceptance rates for problems with conclusions that were either valid or invalid and believable or unbelievable. Premise integration difficulty was manipulated by varying premise integration time (Experiment 1), premise presentation order (Experiment 2), and the markedness of the relational terms in the premises (Experiment 3). In all the conditions, reasoning accuracy and rated confidence were lower on conflict problems, where belief-based and analytic processes yielded different responses. Participants relied more on analytic processing and less on belief-based processing in conditions in which premise integration was easier. Fluid intelligence and premise integration ability predicted analytical reasoning on conflict problems after reasoning on the no-conflict problems was controlled for. The findings were related to three dual-process models of belief bias. They provide the first evidence of belief bias in transitive inference.
Glenda Andrews
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Memory & cognition     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1532-5946     ISO Abbreviation:  Mem Cognit     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-05     Completed Date:  2011-01-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0357443     Medline TA:  Mem Cognit     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  928-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Psychology, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, Southport, Queensland, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Conflict (Psychology)*
Problem Solving
Young Adult

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