Document Detail

Being moved: valence activates approach-avoidance behavior independently of evaluation and approach-avoidance intentions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20424109     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Theories from diverse areas of psychology assume that affective stimuli facilitate approach and avoidance behavior because they elicit motivational orientations that prepare the organism for appropriate responses. Recent evidence casts serious doubt on this assumption. Instead of motivational orientations, evaluative-coding mechanisms may be responsible for the effect of stimulus valence on approach-avoidance responses. Three studies tested contrasting predictions derived from these two accounts. Results supported motivational theories, as stimulus valence facilitated compatible approach-avoidance responses even though participants had no intention to approach or to avoid the stimuli, and the valence of the response labels was dissociated from the approach and avoidance movements (Study 1). Stimulus valence also facilitated compatible approach-avoidance responses when participants were not required to process the valence of the stimuli (Studies 2a and 2b). These findings are at odds with the evaluative-coding account and support the notion of a unique, automatic link between the perception of valence and approach-avoidance behavior.
Regina Krieglmeyer; Roland Deutsch; Jan De Houwer; Rudi De Raedt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-03-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychological science     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1467-9280     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Sci     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-28     Completed Date:  2010-09-15     Revised Date:  2011-09-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9007542     Medline TA:  Psychol Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  607-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Würzburg, Department of Psychology II, Würzburg, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Avoidance Learning*
Pattern Recognition, Visual
Psychomotor Performance
Reaction Time
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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