Document Detail

Behaviour of near-infrared light in the adult human head: implications for clinical near-infrared spectroscopy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10740545     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To test theoretical assumptions supporting the use of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in clinical practice, we examined the behaviour of NIR light transmission and attenuation in the human head. Sterile probes for emitting and detecting NIR light at a fixed separation of 40 mm were placed in turn on intact skin, skull, dura and cerebral cortex of 10 patients undergoing elective neurosurgery. In the first five patients, the detecting probe was moved through successive extracerebral layers with the emitter on the skin surface. In the second five patients, the process was reversed, with the emitting probe moved and the detector in the same place on the scalp. NIR intensity was measured at each tissue interface and compared with the intensity measured at the skin surface with all layers intact. Removal of bone and dura from the light path caused a significant reduction in detected intensity. The largest mean reduction in light intensity was a 14-fold decrease with removal of bone (unadjusted P < 0.0001; paired t test). The assumptions that extracerebral tissues contribute little to attenuation of NIR light in the adult head and that most of this attenuation occurs superficially in the scalp are drawn into question by this study. We postulate that the skull and/or its interface with other layers may act as an optical 'channel', distorting the behaviour of NIR light in the human head.
A E Young; T J Germon; N J Barnett; A R Manara; R J Nelson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of anaesthesia     Volume:  84     ISSN:  0007-0912     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Anaesth     Publication Date:  2000 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-04-07     Completed Date:  2000-04-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372541     Medline TA:  Br J Anaesth     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  38-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Anaesthesia, Frenchay Hospital, Bristol, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Brain / physiology*
Head / physiology*
Middle Aged
Monitoring, Intraoperative / methods
Neurosurgical Procedures*
Scattering, Radiation
Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared*

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