Document Detail

Behavioral effects of low, acute doses of d-amphetamine on the dyadic interaction between mother and infant vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops) during the first six postnatal months.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  115045     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Doses of d-amphetamine sulfate (0.1, 0.15, and 0.2 mg/kg body weight) were given to adult monkeys in mother-infant pairs. The fundamental parental care behavior pattern was disrupted and the mother became isolated in a socially withdrawn phase. She did not respond to the calling signals of the infant and showed behavior in which stereotyped self-grooming and/or 'staring' into space were predominant. The reactions of the infant to this amphetamine-induced behavior were different in the two experimental pairs. In group 1 the infant increased its approach--avoidance movements. In group 2 the infant sat very quietly and close in front of the mother. The mother from group 1 reacted to the increased approaches from its infant with active rejection. In both groups the mothers did not react with the typical ventral--ventral grasping to either the infants sitting close or to the social anxiety signals of the infants. In spite of differences in behavior changes induced by amphetamine, the main conclusion is that the mothers totally lost their normal and highly biologic significant interest in their infants.
E Schiørring; A Hecht
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychopharmacology     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0033-3158     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychopharmacology (Berl.)     Publication Date:  1979 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1979-12-27     Completed Date:  1979-12-27     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7608025     Medline TA:  Psychopharmacology (Berl)     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  219-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Animals, Newborn
Cercopithecus aethiops
Dextroamphetamine / pharmacology*
Interpersonal Relations / drug effects
Maternal Behavior / drug effects*
Reg. No./Substance:

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