Document Detail

Behavioral effects of exposure to organic solvents in carpet layers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8866538     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Carpet layers and age-matched controls were investigated both at the beginning of a working day and at the end with four subtests of a neuropsychological test battery (NES2). Exposure to toluene, cyclohexane, ethyl acetate, and heptane was measured with personal air sampling methods. One group of carpet layers used water-based adhesives (WBA) on the day the investigation took place and the other group used contact adhesives (CA) on that day. The WBA group was exposed primarily to toluene, and the CA group was exposed to other solvents as well. Initial (before work) differences in neuropsychological scores between all exposed workers and controls could be attributed to differences in education, the carpet layers being somewhat higher educated. No differences were found between the solvent-exposed and control groups that would suggest persistent effects of chronic solvent exposures. The improvement in test scores over the day was the same in both groups. However, evidence for exposure-related changes in test scores over the day were found within the exposed group.
H Muijser; R B Geuskens; J Hooisma; H H Emmen; B M Kulig
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurotoxicology and teratology     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0892-0362     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurotoxicol Teratol     Publication Date:    1996 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-01-24     Completed Date:  1997-01-24     Revised Date:  2009-10-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709538     Medline TA:  Neurotoxicol Teratol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  455-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neurotoxicology and Reproduction Toxicology, TNO Nutrition and Food Research Institute, Rijswijk, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Adhesives / adverse effects
Behavior / drug effects*
Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted*
Floors and Floorcoverings*
Neuropsychological Tests*
Occupational Exposure*
Psychomotor Performance
Reaction Time / drug effects,  physiology
Socioeconomic Factors
Solvents / adverse effects*
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adhesives; 0/Solvents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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