Document Detail


Behavioral characteristics of very-low-birth-weight infants of varying biologic risk at 6, 15, and 24 months of age.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8683358     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between developmental outcome and behavior of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants (< or = 1500 g) at high and low biologic risk. DESIGN: Descriptive, ex post facto. SETTING: Clinic for follow-up of infants at high risk. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 102 VLBW infants, free of major congenital anomalies, who completed 6-, 15-, and 24-month developmental testing and who were part of a larger study of 274 VLBW infants. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Bayley Scales of Infant Development. RESULTS: Infants at high biologic risk, versus infants at low biologic risk, were less attentive and active through age 15 months and were less adept in gross and fine motor skills through age 24 months (p < or = 0.05-0.001). Infants with continuous delay were less attentive than infants with no delay or late delay through age 24 months, less active through age 15 months (p < or = 0.001-0.001), and less skilled in motor behaviors through age 24 months (p < or = 0.05-0.001). CONCLUSION: Infants at high biologic risk and infants with developmental delays are less attentive, less active, and less skilled in motor tasks during the first 15-24 months of life, suggesting an association between biologic risk and behavior and developmental delay and behavior.
Authors:
J M Oehler; R J Thompson; R F Goldstein; K E Gustafson; J E Brazy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0884-2175     ISO Abbreviation:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Publication Date:    1996 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-08-16     Completed Date:  1996-08-16     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503123     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  233-9     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Affiliation:
School of Nursing, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Attention
Case-Control Studies
Child Development
Developmental Disabilities* / diagnosis,  nursing
Early Intervention (Education)
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Very Low Birth Weight*
Longitudinal Studies
Motor Activity
Psychomotor Performance
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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