Document Detail

Behavior analysis and the search for the origins of hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8169574     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Hypertension is a disorder of sodium regulation that develops over time in a context of the interactions of the individual with the environment. Experimental hypertension can be induced in laboratory animals and normotensive humans via increases in sodium intake under conditions of aversive behavioral control. Readiness for avoidance contingencies includes a breathing pattern characterized by subnormal rate and normal tidal volume. Studies with humans have shown that this inhibitory breathing pattern is associated with increased plasma acidity, increased renal sodium reabsorption, increased secretion of digitalis-like hormones that inhibit sodium-pump activity, and increased vasoconstriction and blood pressure. Behavioral research is needed that defines the necessary and sufficient conditions for inhibitory breathing and its role in the development of hypertension.
D E Anderson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior     Volume:  61     ISSN:  0022-5002     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Anal Behav     Publication Date:  1994 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-06-02     Completed Date:  1994-06-02     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0203727     Medline TA:  J Exp Anal Behav     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  255-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
National Institute on Aging, Baltimore, Maryland.
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MeSH Terms
Avoidance Learning
Conditioning (Psychology)
Hypertension / etiology*
Sodium Chloride, Dietary / adverse effects*,  metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sodium Chloride, Dietary

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