Document Detail

Becoming musically enculturated: effects of music classes for infants on brain and behavior.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22524350     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Musical enculturation is a complex, multifaceted process that includes the development of perceptual processing specialized for the pitch and rhythmic structures of the musical system in the culture, understanding of esthetic and expressive norms, and learning the pragmatic uses of music in different social situations. Here, we summarize the results of a study in which 6-month-old Western infants were randomly assigned to 6 months of either an active participatory music class or a class in which they experienced music passively while playing. Active music participation resulted in earlier enculturation to Western tonal pitch structure, larger and/or earlier brain responses to musical tones, and a more positive social trajectory. Furthermore, the data suggest that early exposure to cultural norms of musical expression leads to early preferences for those norms. We conclude that musical enculturation begins in infancy and that active participatory music making in a positive social setting accelerates enculturation.
Laurel J Trainor; Céline Marie; David Gerry; Elaine Whiskin; Andrea Unrau
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Volume:  1252     ISSN:  1749-6632     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci.     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7506858     Medline TA:  Ann N Y Acad Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  129-38     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 New York Academy of Sciences.
McMaster Institute for Music and the Mind, Department of Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
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