Document Detail


Bead-based multiplexed immunoassays to identify new biomarkers in maternal serum to improve first trimester Down syndrome screening.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19488973     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To identify new discriminative biomarkers for Down syndrome (DS) pregnancies using a bead-based multiplexed immunoassay, and to use the newly identified biomarkers to construct a prediction model for non-invasive DS screening. METHODS: Maternal serum samples of 14 DS pregnancies and 15 matched controls were analyzed with a bead-based multiplexed immunoassay containing immunoassays for 90 different analytes. Potential biomarkers were selected on the basis of concentration fold ratios between DS and control samples. For these markers and the current screening markers (pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A, PAPP-A; free beta subunit of human chorion gonadotrophin (fbeta-hCG) and nuchal translucency) prediction values were obtained and used to calculate detection rates (DR) at a 5% false positive rate. RESULTS: Seven potential biomarkers of which the fold ratio exceeded 1.3 or -1.3 were selected for further analysis. All 14 DS cases in this study were detected using the combination of all currently used and newly identified markers. The modelled DR for all markers extrapolated to the general pregnant population was 82.5%, compared to a modelled DR of 56.2% for the current screening markers. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates the possibility of improving the performance of the current first-trimester DS screening by addition of new biomarkers, which were identified using bead-based multiplexed immunoassays.
Authors:
M P H Koster; J L A Pennings; S Imholz; W Rodenburg; G H A Visser; A de Vries; P C J I Schielen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Prenatal diagnosis     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1097-0223     ISO Abbreviation:  Prenat. Diagn.     Publication Date:  2009 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8106540     Medline TA:  Prenat Diagn     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  857-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratory for Infectious Diseases and Screening, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands. wendy.koster@rivm.nl
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