Document Detail

Bax inhibitor-1 enhances survival and neuronal differentiation of embryonic stem cells via differential regulation of mitogen-activated protein kinases activities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22906541     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Bax inhibitor-1 (BI-1), a member of the BI-1 family of integral membrane proteins, was originally identified as an inhibitor of stress-induced cell death in mammalian cells. Previous studies have shown that the withdrawal of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) results in differentiation of the majority of mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells into various cell lineages, while some ES cells die within 3days. Thus, to investigate the function of BI-1 in ES cell survival and neuronal differentiation, we generated mES cell lines that overexpress BI-1 or a carboxy-terminal BI-1ΔC mutant. Overexpression of BI-1 in mES cells significantly increased cell viability and resistance to apoptosis induced by LIF withdrawal, while the control vector or BI-1ΔC-overexpressing mES cells had no effect. Moreover, overexpression of BI-1 produced significant inhibition of the p38 MAPK pathway in response to LIF withdrawal, while activity of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) MAPK pathway was increased. Interestingly, we found that BI-1-overexpressing cells showed higher expression levels of neuroectodermal markers (Otx1, Lmx1b, En1, Pax2, Wnt1, Sox1, and Nestin) and greater neuronal differentiation efficiency than control or BI-1ΔC-overexpressing mES cells did. Considering these findings, our results indicated that BI-1-modulated MAPK activity plays a key role in protecting mES cells from LIF-withdrawal-induced apoptosis and in promoting their differentiation toward neuronal lineages.
Kilsoo Jeon; Hyejin Lim; Jung-Hyun Kim; Dawoon Han; Eung-Ryoung Lee; Gwang-Mo Yang; Min-Kyoung Song; Jin-Hoi Kim; Ssang-Goo Cho
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochimica et biophysica acta     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0006-3002     ISO Abbreviation:  Biochim. Biophys. Acta     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0217513     Medline TA:  Biochim Biophys Acta     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.
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