Document Detail

Basicranial Analysis in Young Bovines Reveals a Relation to Breed and Sex.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23198864     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The purpose of this article was to examine the level of sexual dimorphism exhibited in the foramen magnum and occipital condyles of bovine juveniles and to test the utility of three basicranial measurements for estimating sex and to evaluate breed differences. Data were taken from 68 bovines of known sex, age and breed. The linear foramen magnum measurements (breadth and height) were not effective in determining the sex of the skulls, but there appeared differences of the occipital bicondylar breadth between sexes and breeds evaluated ('Bruna dels Pirineus' and others). The occipital bicondylar breadth assigned the sex correctly 75% of the cases. The study of occipital bicondylar breadth could thus be effective to obtain reliable results for the determination of sex in bovine skulls and also could be taken into account when differentiating breeds. It is considered that this study will make morphological contributions to develop a comparative model for other domestic bovine breeds, for there is inadequate literature on foramen magnum morphology for domestic species contrary to the richness of these kinds of studies on humans. The results obtained in this study can also be useful as baseline research data in comparative neuroanatomy and in neuropathology. Focusing on zooarchaeology and also on forensic veterinary, simple morphometric analysis of this type can be used as part of an investigative process prior to more sophisticated and expensive analyses such as the DNA examination.
P M Parés-Casanova
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anatomia, histologia, embryologia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-0264     ISO Abbreviation:  Anat Histol Embryol     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7704218     Medline TA:  Anat Histol Embryol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.
Department of Animal Production, University of Lleida, Av. Alcalde Rovira Roure, 191. E-25198, Lleida, Catalunya, Spain.
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