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Basic principles regarding strength, flexibility, and stability exercises.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23174542     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Strength, flexibility, and stability are physiologic parameters associated with health-related physical fitness. Each of these domains affects health in general, the risk of injury, how an injury is treated, and performance in activities of daily living and sports. These domains are affected by individual phenotype, age, deconditioning, occupational activity, and formal exercise. Deficits or loss of strength, flexibility, and stability can be prevented or reduced with exercise programs. Normal muscle strength has been associated with general health benefits, increased life expectancy, psychological benefits, prevention of illness, and reduction of disability in older adults. Static flexibility programs have been shown to improve joint range of motion and tolerance to stretch but do not appear to reduce the risk of musculoskeletal injury and may impair muscle performance immediately after a static stretch. Dynamic flexibility, on the other hand, may enhance power and improve sports-specific performance. Stability training leads to improved balance and neuromuscular control, may prevent injury to the knee and ankle joints, and can be used for treatment of patients with low back pain.
Authors:
William Micheo; Luis Baerga; Gerardo Miranda
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1934-1563     ISO Abbreviation:  PM R     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101491319     Medline TA:  PM R     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  805-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Physical Medicine, Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine Department and Sports Medicine Fellowship Program, University of Puerto Rico, School of Medicine, Medical Sciences Campus, PO Box 365067, San Juan, PR 00936-5067(⁎). Electronic address: wmicheo@usa.net.
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