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Baseline NT-proBNP and biomarkers of inflammation and necrosis in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: insights from the APEX-AMI trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22307842     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Coronary plaque rupture is associated with a systemic inflammatory response. The relationship between baseline N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), a prognostic marker in patients with acute coronary syndromes, and systemic inflammatory mediators in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is not well described. Of 5,745 STEMI patients treated with primary PCI in the APEX-AMI trial, we evaluated the relationship between baseline NT-proBNP levels and baseline levels of inflammatory markers and markers of myonecrosis in a subset of 772 who were enrolled in a biomarker substudy. Spearman correlations (r (s)) were calculated between baseline NT-proBNP levels and a panel of ten systemic inflammatory biomarkers. Interleukin (IL)-6, a pro-inflammatory cytokine, was significantly positively correlated with NT-proBNP (r (s) = 0.317, P < 0.001). In a sensitivity analysis excluding all heart failure patients, the correlation between baseline IL-6 and NT-proBNP remained significant (n = 651, r (s) = 0.296, P < 0.001). A positive association was also observed with high sensitivity C-reactive protein (r (s) = 0.377, P < 0.001) and there was a weak negative correlation with the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 (r (s) = -0.109, P = 0.003). No other significant correlations were observed among the other testes inflammatory cytokines and chemokines. In STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI, the pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-6 was modestly correlated with baseline NT-proBNP levels. This relationship remained significant in patients without heart failure. This finding is consistent with pre-clinical and clinical research suggesting that systemic inflammation may influence NT-proBNP expression independently of myocardial stretch.
Authors:
Sean van Diepen; Matthew T Roe; Renato D Lopes; Amanda Stebbins; Stefan James; L Kristin Newby; David J Moliterno; Franz-Josef Neumann; Justin A Ezekowitz; Kenneth W Mahaffey; Judith S Hochman; Christian W Hamm; Paul W Armstrong; Pierre Theroux; Christopher B Granger
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of thrombosis and thrombolysis     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-742X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9502018     Medline TA:  J Thromb Thrombolysis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University Medical Center, North Pavilion, 2400 Pratt Street, Durham, NC, 27705, USA, sean.van.diepen@duke.edu.
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