Document Detail


[Basal metabolism during pregnancy: a systematic review].
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23358767     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Gestational energy expenditure (EE) is the basis for nutritional counseling and body weight control. The objective of this study was to systematically review the behavior of the basal metabolic rate (BMR), the major component of EE, during non gemelar pregnancy of healthy women. Based on the inclusion criteria, 37 articles were identified (24 cohort and 13 cross-sectional studies). Increases in BMR (between 8% and 35%) were observed in most cohort studies and it was related to the duration of follow-up and nutritional status. In the cross-sectionals, the increase in BMR varied from 8% to 28% close to delivery in comparison with the first trimester or post-partum. Lack of information on maternal age, loss of follow-up and short duration of follow-up during the pregnancy were serious limitations in the identified studies. In conclusion, BMR increases during pregnancy, and the increase is more intense after the second trimester. The most reliable data come from the few cohort studies that initiated before pregnancy.
Authors:
Enilce de Oliveira Fonseca Sally; Luiz Antonio Dos Anjos; Vivian Wahrlich
Publication Detail:
Type:  English Abstract; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ciência & saúde coletiva     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1678-4561     ISO Abbreviation:  Cien Saude Colet     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9713483     Medline TA:  Cien Saude Colet     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  por     Pagination:  413-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Departamento de Nutrição Social, Faculdade de Nutrição Emília de Jesus Ferreiro, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, RJ, 24020-140, eoliveirasally@gmail.com.
Vernacular Title:
Metabolismo Basal durante a gestação: revisão sistemática.
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