Document Detail


Baroreflex sensitivity and sympatho-vagal balance during intradialytic hypotensive episodes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19927010     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: The role of the baroreflex function in the pathogenesis of hemodialysis-associated hypotension is controversial. Complex demodulation technique (CDM), providing continuous assessment of the amplitude of cardiovascular oscillation over time, is particularly suitable to assess dynamic changes in autonomic nervous system and baroreceptor sensitivity (BRS) during dialysis. In the present study, CDM was used to determine the effects of dialysis treatment on BRS and to characterize BRS changes during acute intradialytic hypotension. METHODS: Continuous beat-to-beat blood pressure and interbeat intervals (IBIs) were monitored in 93 chronic patients without (n = 70) and with (n = 26) hypotension during 96 dialysis sessions. The amplitudes of SBP and DBP, IBIs, and BRS change in the low-frequency (around center frequency of 0.09 Hz) and high-frequency (around center frequency of 0.30 Hz) ranges were followed during the whole dialysis session. RESULTS: Hemodialysis treatment was associated with increased low-frequency BRS, especially in sessions without hypotension. Hypotensive episodes were associated with significant increases in both low-frequency BRS and high-frequency BRS, mainly in patients with severe hypotension. The magnitude of the increase in baroreflex indices was proportional to the decrease in blood pressure. Low-frequency IBI/high-frequency IBI ratio, a marker of sympatho-vagal balance, did not significantly change during hypotension. CONCLUSION: Our study shows that the baroreflex mechanism is preserved and adequately activated during intradialytic hypotension. Other factors, such as ischemic heart disease, left ventricular dysfunction, and inadequate arteriolar tone, rather than failure of baroreflex function, are more likely to be responsible for dialysis-induced hypotension.
Authors:
Dan Sapoznikov; Rebecca Backenroth; Dvora Rubinger
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hypertension     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1473-5598     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-20     Completed Date:  2010-03-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8306882     Medline TA:  J Hypertens     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  314-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Nephrology and Hypertension Services, Hadassah University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Autonomic Nervous System / physiopathology*
Baroreflex / physiology*
Blood Pressure / physiology
Female
Heart Rate / physiology
Humans
Hypotension / etiology*,  physiopathology*
Male
Middle Aged
Models, Cardiovascular
Renal Dialysis / adverse effects*
Risk Factors
Sympathetic Nervous System / physiopathology
Vagus Nerve / physiopathology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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