Document Detail


Baroreflex sensitivity and susceptibility to systolic hypertension induced by DOCA-salt in the Sabra rat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6703079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Rats of the salt-resistant Sabra strain (SBN) have a more sensitive baroreflex control of heart rate than do normotensive hypertension-prone salt-sensitive (SBH) rats. To test the hypothesis that increased baroreflex sensitivity confers resistance to hypertension, aortic baroreceptor deafferentation (ABD) was performed in 7- to 10-wk-old SBN rats. This treatment reduced the slope of the mean arterial pressure-heart period (MAP-HP) relationship in response to infusions of increasing doses of phenylephrine in conscious rats, from 1.92 +/- 0.21 to 0.66 +/- 0.11 ms X mmHg-1 (P less than 0.01). The latter value did not differ significantly from that of untreated SBH rats (0.56 +/- 0.07 ms X mmHg-1). Treatment of uniphrectomized SBH, SBN-ABD, and sham-operated SBN rats for 3 wk with deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA; 25-mg pellet) and 0.9% NaCl + 0.4% KCl (to maintain normal serum K+ values) as drinking fluid caused increases in systolic blood pressure from 126 +/- 3 to 147 +/- 5 mmHg and 104 +/- 6 to 130 +/- 8 mmHg in the former two groups, respectively, but no significant change (105 +/- 3 to 110 +/- 4 mmHg) in SBN rats when measured by an indwelling arterial catheter in the tail artery. The slopes of the MAP-HP relationships of each of the above three groups of rats were not significantly altered by DOCA-salt treatment. It is concluded that a decrease in baroreflex control of the heart by ABD can render SBN rats sensitive to DOCA-salt-induced systolic hypertension.
Authors:
M Weinstock; D Schorer-Apelbaum; D Ben-Ishay
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  246     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1984 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-04-13     Completed Date:  1984-04-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  H448-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood Pressure
Desoxycorticosterone
Heart Rate
Hypertension / chemically induced,  physiopathology*
Male
Potassium Chloride / pharmacology
Pressoreceptors / physiopathology*
Rats
Rats, Inbred Strains / physiology*
Reflex / physiology*
Sodium Chloride
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
64-85-7/Desoxycorticosterone; 7447-40-7/Potassium Chloride; 7647-14-5/Sodium Chloride

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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