Document Detail


Baroreflex sensitivity improvement is associated with decreased oxidative stress in trained spontaneously hypertensive rat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17082727     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) impairment has been associated with endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress. METHODS: Because exercise training could improve endothelial function in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), the effect of moderate exercise training on oxidative stress and BRS was investigated. Groups were divided into sedentary and trained Wistar-Kyoto rats (S-WK, n = 7 and T-WK, n = 6) and SHR (S-SHR and T-SHR, n = 9 each). Exercise training was performed on a treadmill (5 days/week, 60 min, 10 weeks), and the lactate threshold (20 m/min) was used to determine moderate intensity. RESULTS: Exercise training reduced mean arterial pressure in WK and SHR (S-WK 127 +/- 4, T-WK 105 +/- 5, S-SHR 169 +/- 4 versus T-SHR 140 +/- 4 mmHg; P < 0.01). Baroreflex bradycardic (S-WK -1.89 +/- 0.15, T-WK -2.11 +/- 0.37, S-SHR -0.80 +/- 0.09 versus T-SHR -1.29 +/- 0.10 bpm/mmHg; P < 0.0001) and tachycardic (S-WK 2.57 +/- 0.19, T-WK 2.73 +/- 0.21, S-SHR 1.18 +/- 0.07 versus T-SHR 2.02 +/- 0.10 bpm/mmHg; P < 0.0001) responses were significantly different between groups. Lipoperoxidation in erythrocytes (S-WK 11 320 +/- 739, T-WK 10 397 +/- 765, S-SHR 20 511 +/- 1627 versus T-SHR 10 211 +/- 589 counts per second (cps)/mg haemoglobin; P < 0.0001) and aortas (S-WK 12 424 +/- 2219, T-WK 7917 +/- 726, S-SHR 26 957 +/- 1772 versus T-SHR 17 777 +/- 1923 cps/mg protein; P < 0.0001) was reduced in T-SHR compared with S-SHR. Inverse correlations were observed between both bradycardic and tachycardic responses and lipoperoxidation in erythrocytes (r = 0.56 and r = -0.77, respectively; P < 0.01) and aortas (r = 0.77 and r = -0.80, respectively; P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that exercise training decreases oxidative stress, which is related to an improvement in BRS in SHR.
Authors:
Mariane Bertagnolli; Cristina Campos; Paulo Cavalheiro Schenkel; Vera Lúcia Longo de Oliveira; Kátia De Angelis; Adriane Belló-Klein; Katya Rigatto; Maria Cláudia Irigoyen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hypertension     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0263-6352     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2006 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-11-03     Completed Date:  2007-10-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8306882     Medline TA:  J Hypertens     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2437-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Cardiovascular Physiology, Department of Physiology, Basic and Health Science Institute, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Baroreflex / physiology*
Hypertension / physiopathology*
Male
Oxidative Stress / physiology*
Physical Conditioning, Animal / physiology
Rats
Rats, Inbred SHR
Rats, Inbred WKY

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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