Document Detail


Baroreflex function in elderly hypertensives.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6618638     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Baroreflex function was assessed in elderly hypertensive patients and compared with that observed in young hypertensives and young normotensives. Mean arterial pressure was reduced by 20% using intravenous nitroprusside infusion in 10 elderly hypertensive patients (older than 65 years and diastolic pressures over 95 mm Hg), in 10 young hypertensives (under 60 years and diastolic pressures over 95 mm Hg), and in seven young normotensive subjects (under 60 years and diastolic pressures under 95 mm Hg). Elderly subjects demonstrated greater sensitivity (p less than 0.005) and greater variability of response (p less than 0.025) to nitroprusside than either young group. There was no significant difference between the slight heart rate increases observed in the supine position in the three groups. However, in the erect position, heart rate increases were significantly less in the elderly hypertensive group than in the young hypertensive group (p less than 0.01) or the young normotensive group (p less than 0.005). Furthermore, the slope of the regression line relating change in blood pressure with change in R-R interval was less for the elderly patients than for the young hypertensives (p less than 0.05) or the young normotensives (p less than 0.025). We conclude that the heart rate component of the baroreflex is impaired in elderly hypertensives, and anticipate that the clinical response to antihypertensive drugs will be altered.
Authors:
K McGarry; M Laher; D Fitzgerald; J Horgan; E O'Brien; K O'Malley
Related Documents :
12164888 - Blood volume controlled hemodialysis in hypotension-prone patients: a randomized, multi...
7903578 - Swedish trial in old patients with hypertension (stop-hypertension) analyses performed ...
11919398 - Bone mineral density in patients beginning hemodialysis treatment.
3655768 - Physiological responses of college students to a pet.
11848258 - Amelioration of arterial properties with a perindopril-indapamide very-low-dose combina...
10675968 - Blood pressure and hormonal responses to short whole body cold exposure in subjects wit...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hypertension     Volume:  5     ISSN:  0194-911X     ISO Abbreviation:  Hypertension     Publication Date:    1983 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-11-23     Completed Date:  1983-11-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7906255     Medline TA:  Hypertension     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  763-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aging
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Heart Rate / drug effects
Humans
Hypertension / physiopathology*
Middle Aged
Nitroprusside / pharmacology
Pressoreceptors / physiopathology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
15078-28-1/Nitroprusside

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Acute effects of metoprolol on muscle sympathetic activity in hypertensive humans.
Next Document:  Plasma norepinephrine and dietary sodium intake in normal subjects and patients with essential hyper...