Document Detail

Banning reproductive travel: Turkey's ART legislation and third-party assisted reproduction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21962527     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In March 2010, Turkey became the first country to legislate against the cross-border travel of its citizens seeking third-party reproductive assistance. Although the use of donor eggs, donor spermatozoa and surrogacy had been illegal in Turkey since the introduction of a regulatory framework for assisted reproductive treatment in 1987, men and women were free to access these treatments in other jurisdictions. In some cases, such travel for cross-border reproductive care (CBRC) was even facilitated by sophisticated arrangements between IVF clinics in Turkey and in other countries, particularly in Cyprus. However, new amendments to Turkey's assisted reproduction legislation specifically forbid travel for the purposes of third-party assisted reproduction. This article outlines the cultural context of assisted reproductive treatment in Turkey; details the Turkish assisted reproduction legislation, particularly as it pertains to third-party reproductive assistance; explores Turkish attitudes towards donor gametes and surrogacy; assesses the existence and extent of CBRC prior to March 2010; and discusses some of the legal, ethical and practical implications of the new legislation. As CBRC becomes an increasingly pertinent issue, eliciting debate and discussion at both national and international levels, it is important to carefully consider the particular circumstances and potential consequences of this unique example.
Zeynep B Gürtin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-08-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Reproductive biomedicine online     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1472-6491     ISO Abbreviation:  Reprod. Biomed. Online     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-07     Completed Date:  2012-03-06     Revised Date:  2012-09-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101122473     Medline TA:  Reprod Biomed Online     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  555-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Centre for Family Research, Convener, Cambridge Interdisciplinary Reproduction Forum, CRASSH, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3RF, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Government Regulation*
Health Care Surveys / methods
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Marriage / legislation & jurisprudence
Medical Tourism / legislation & jurisprudence*
Reproductive Techniques, Assisted / legislation & jurisprudence*
Surrogate Mothers / legislation & jurisprudence*
Comment In:
Reprod Biomed Online. 2011 Dec;23(7):814-6   [PMID:  22177262 ]
Reprod Biomed Online. 2011 Dec;23(7):811-3   [PMID:  22056635 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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