Document Detail

Balanced anesthesia: a comparison of butorphanol and morphine.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6701585     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We did a retrospective study to compare butorphanol with morphine for use in a balanced anesthetic technique with nitrous oxide, oxygen, and neuromuscular relaxants. Patient records were reviewed for preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative arterial blood gas values and vital signs; postoperative analgesia, nausea, vomiting, hallucinations, and dysphoria; and patient recall of the procedure. Patients in the butorphanol group proved to have less postoperative respiratory depression as determined by arterial carbon dioxide tension on arrival in the recovery room (42.8 mm Hg vs 51.1 mm Hg). The patients who received butorphanol also had less nausea (8.3% vs 44.4%) and less vomiting (8.3% vs 33.3%) than those given morphine. Neither group had any recall of procedure, hallucination, or dysphoria as determined by postoperative interview.
Y F Sung; M S Weinstein; G A Ghani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Southern medical journal     Volume:  77     ISSN:  0038-4348     ISO Abbreviation:  South. Med. J.     Publication Date:  1984 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-04-02     Completed Date:  1984-04-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404522     Medline TA:  South Med J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  180-2     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Anesthesia / methods*
Butorphanol* / administration & dosage
Drug Evaluation
Middle Aged
Morphinans* / administration & dosage
Morphine* / administration & dosage
Retrospective Studies
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Morphinans; 42408-82-2/Butorphanol; 57-27-2/Morphine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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