Document Detail


Bacteriological studies of the venom and mouth cavities of wild Malayan pit vipers (Calloselasma rhodostoma) in southern Thailand.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2136528     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Venom and oropharyngeal swabs from freshly captured Malayan pit vipers (Calloselasma rhodostoma) in southern Thailand and captive specimens in England were cultured aerobically and anaerobically to identify the bacterial flora which might contaminate wounds inflicted by bites of this species. The snakes' mouths contained a wider range of organisms than their venoms, especially gut-related Gram-negative rods such as Enterobacter and Pseudomonas species and some staphylococci and clostridia. There were fewer positive cultures from captive snakes. C. rhodostoma venom inhibited the growth of group A streptococci and, to a lesser extent, that of Staphylococcus aureus and Clostridium perfringens but not that of 2 Gram-negative organisms. Secondary bacterial infection is an important complication of snake bite, especially of necrotic wounds. A combination of gentamicin with benzyl penicillin would have prevented infection with, or treated, most of the bacteria isolated from snake venoms and mouths in Thailand.
Authors:
R D Theakston; R E Phillips; S Looareesuwan; P Echeverria; T Makin; D A Warrell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene     Volume:  84     ISSN:  0035-9203     ISO Abbreviation:  Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg.     Publication Date:    1990 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-07-17     Completed Date:  1991-07-17     Revised Date:  2009-09-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7506129     Medline TA:  Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  875-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Bacteria / drug effects,  growth & development,  isolation & purification*
Blister / microbiology
Crotalid Venoms*
Humans
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Oropharynx / microbiology*
Snake Bites / microbiology
Snakes / microbiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
//Wellcome Trust
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Crotalid Venoms
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1992 Jan-Feb;86(1):109-10   [PMID:  1566288 ]
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1991 Nov-Dec;85(6):847   [PMID:  1801371 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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