Document Detail


Bacteriological quality of runoff water from pastureland.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  114112     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Runoff from a cow-calf pasture in eastern Nebraska was monitored for total coliforms (TC), fecal coliforms (FC), and fecal streptococci (FS) during 1976, 1977, and 1978. Bacteriological counts in runoff from both grazed and ungrazed areas generally exceeded recommended water quality standards. The FC group was the best indicator group of the impact of grazing. Rainfall runoff from the grazed area contained 5 to 10 times more FC than runoff from the fenced, ungrazed area. There was little difference in TC counts between the two areas, but FS counts were higher in runoff from the ungrazed area and reflected the contributions from wildlife. Recommended bacteriological water quality standards, developed for point source inputs, may be inappropriate for characterizing nonpoint source pollution from pasture runoff. The FC/FS ratio in pasture runoff was useful in identifying the relative contributions of cattle and wildlife. Ratios below 0.05 were indicative of wildlife sources and ratios above 0.1 were characteristic of grazing cattle. Occasions when the FC/FS ratio of diluted cattle waste exceeded one resulted from differential aftergrowth and die-off between FC and FS. The FC/FS ratio and percentage of Streptococcus bovis in pasture runoff are useful indicators for evaluating the effectiveness of livestock management practices for minimizing bacterial contamination of surface water. The importance of choice of medium for the enumeration of FS in runoff derived from cattle wastes is discussed.
Authors:
J W Doran; D M Linn
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied and environmental microbiology     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0099-2240     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl. Environ. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  1979 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1979-11-21     Completed Date:  1979-11-21     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7605801     Medline TA:  Appl Environ Microbiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  985-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Enterococcus faecalis / isolation & purification*
Escherichia coli / isolation & purification*
Manure*
Nebraska
Rain
Snow
Streptococcus / isolation & purification*
Water Microbiology*
Water Pollution / prevention & control*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Manure
Comments/Corrections

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