Document Detail


Bacterial resistance to antimicrobials in urinary isolates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15364302     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Escherichia coli accounted for about 80% of organisms in uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTIs), followed by Staphylococcus spp. especially Staphylococcus saprophyticus, and Proteus mirabilis. Against E. coli isolates from patients with uncomplicated UTI, faropenem was the most effective. Up to 1999, fluoroquinolone-resistant isolates were not observed in patients with uncomplicated UTI, but in 2001 fluoroquinolone-resistant E. coli isolates emerged and accounted for about 8%. Various types of organisms were isolated in patients with complicated UTI. Enterococcus faecalis, E. coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were the three most frequent organisms isolated. These three organisms accounted for 44.6%. Amongst oral agents, faropenem showed the lowest rate of resistance against E. coli followed by cephems. The rates of highly fluoroquinolone-resistant and cefpodoxime-resistant E. coli isolates increased rapidly from 1998 to 2001. Fluoroquinolone-resistant P. aeruginosa isolates accounted for about 40% in 2001. Against this species, amikacin was the most effective antimicrobials among all agents tested. About 17% of Pseudomonas were resistant to carbapenem. Eight milligram per litre of ampicillin inhibited all E. faecalis isolates; about 60% of Enterococcus faecium were resistant to ampicillin. The rates of levofloxacin-resistant isolates of E. faecalis and E. faecium were 38 and 97% respectively. UTIs caused by vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE) are rare in Japan.
Authors:
Tetsuro Muratani; Tetsuro Matsumoto
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of antimicrobial agents     Volume:  24 Suppl 1     ISSN:  0924-8579     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Antimicrob. Agents     Publication Date:  2004 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-09-14     Completed Date:  2005-02-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9111860     Medline TA:  Int J Antimicrob Agents     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S28-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Urology, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health (UOEH), 1-1 Iseigaoka, Yahatanishi-ku, Kitakyushu 807-8555, Japan. muratani@med.uoeh-u.ac.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology*
Bacteria / drug effects*
Bacterial Infections / microbiology
Drug Resistance, Bacterial*
Humans
Japan
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Urinary Tract Infections / microbiology*
Urine / microbiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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