Document Detail


Bacterial fusion assayed by a prophage complementation test.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  108245     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In previous studies of bacterial protoplast fusion, only the frequencies of cell wall regeneration and of bacterial recombination were determined. In this work the frequency of the heterozygous fusion products is measured by prophage complementation. Two multiply marked nonsuppressing strains of Bacillus subtilis, each lysogenic for a different Sus mutant of the phage phi 105, were induced by mitomycin C, protoplasted, fused, and, after dilution in hypertonic broth, incubated until plating with phi 105-sensitive indicator bacteria. When cell lysis was avoided, the frequency of the heterozygous fused cells could be determined from the number of infectious centers produced. The very high frequencies observed are in good agreement with those determined directly, with nonlysogenic strains, by electron microscopic examination of the fused protoplasts (C. Frehel, A. M. Lheritier, C. Sanchez-Rivas, and P. Schaeffer, J. Bacteriol. 137:1354--1361, 1979). Evidence is presented that fusion occurs in two steps, one polyethylene glycol dependent, the other energy requiring. The bacterial growth medium affects the ability of the protoplasts to fuse and to regenerate a cell wall. When experiments using different growth media were compared, an inverse relationship between these abilities was observed, and a direct relationship appeared between the heterozygotes (corrected for wall regeneration) and the recombinant bacteria that were found.
Authors:
C Sanchez-Rivas; A J Garro
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of bacteriology     Volume:  137     ISSN:  0021-9193     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Bacteriol.     Publication Date:  1979 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1979-07-25     Completed Date:  1979-07-25     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985120R     Medline TA:  J Bacteriol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1340-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bacillus subtilis / cytology,  drug effects,  genetics*
Culture Media
Genetic Complementation Test*
Lysogeny
Mutation
Polyethylene Glycols / pharmacology
Protoplasts* / drug effects
Recombination, Genetic*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Culture Media; 0/Polyethylene Glycols
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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